ALL THAT MEAT?
The world’s richest countries make up only 1/5 of global population, but account for 45% of all meat consumption…
Consumption of meat, milk, eggs by country (kg/capita/year)*
- much of the growth in meat production has been taking place in a relatively small number of countries, including some of the most populous ones, e.g., China and Brazil. Including these two countries, meat production in the developing countries went from 50 million Mt in 1980 to 180 million Mt in 2000. Excluding these countries, it rose from 27 million Mt to only 50 million Mt over the same period;
- many developing countries and regions, where the need to increase protein consumption is the greatest, are not participating in the process. In this category are the regions of sub-Saharan Africa, with very low consumption per capita reflecting quasi-perennial economic stagnation;
- also in this lower category are the Central American and Caribbean countries of Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Haiti and Nicaragua, the Balkan-Caucasian-Central Asian countries of Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Moldova, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, as well as the Middle East countries of Syria, Yemen and Iraq and, in South Asia, Pakistan, Nepal, India and Bangladesh.
|World average ||Meat||Milk||Eggs|
|TOP 10 countries|| || || |
|USA||124 ||117.3 ||14.5|
|New Zealand ||109.9 ||63.2 ||11.9|
|Ireland ||99.4 ||174.8 ||6.9|
|BOTTOM 10 countries|| || || |
|Bangladesh ||3.2 ||12.8 ||1.1|
|Burundi ||3.9 ||4.5 ||0.4|
|Guinea ||4.2 ||9.4 ||0.9|
|Malawi ||4.5 ||3.7 ||1.7|
|India ||4.6 ||47.5 ||1.5|
|Rwanda ||4.8 ||13.1 ||0.3|
|Sri Lanka ||4.8 ||35.9 ||2.4|
|Mozambique ||5.2 ||3.9 ||0.7|
|Congo, Dem Republic of ||5.2 ||0.6 ||0.1|
|Sierra Leone ||5.4 ||4.9 ||1.4|
*Data from FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; FAOSTAT (2001, 2002).