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POPULATION
urbanisation | mega-cities | Asia-Pacific | China | India | Africa | Latin America | urban poverty | women | health | environment | natural disasters


GLOBAL URBANISATION


source:
www.unchs.org/mediacentre/
documents/backgrounder5.doc


www.citymayors.com/development/
metropolis_congress.html


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urbanisation
In 1950, only 30% of the world’s population was urban. More than 50% will be living in urban areas by 2008, and it is expected that 60% will live in cities by 2030…
  • in 2000, the world’s population reached 6.1 billion, and is growing at an annual rate of 1.2%, or 77 million people per year. By 2030, it is expected that 85% of the world’s population will be in developing countries, with 15% in Less Developed Countries (LDCs). The percentage of the world’s population that lives in developed countries is declining, from 32% in 1950 to an expected 15% in 2030;


  • by 2003, there were 39 cities over 5 million in population and 16 over 10 million;


  • the world’s urban population will grow from 2.86 billion in 2000 to 4.98 billion by 2030, of which high-income countries will account for only 28 million out of the expected increase of 2.12 billion. Almost 180,000 people are added to the urban population each day;


  • globally, annual urban growth rate is projected at 1.8% in contrast to the rural growth rate of 0.1%. Growth will be even more rapid in the urban areas of less developed regions, averaging 2.3% per year, with a doubling time of 30 years;


  • though Africa is predominantly rural, with only 37.3 % living in urban areas in 1999, with a growth rate of 4.87%, Africa is the continent with the fastest rate of urbanisation;


  • by 2030, Asia and Africa will both have higher numbers of urban dwellers than any other major area of the world;


  • it is estimated that there are almost 1 billion poor people in the world, of this over 750 million live in urban areas without adequate shelter and basic services;


  • among regions, only in Africa and Oceania will rural populations grow in the future. In contrast, Asia's rural population is projected to decrease from an estimated 2,297 million in 2000 to 2,271 million in 2030.


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