| || organisation: DA Development Alternatives|
type of activity: alternative energy research
who: Development Alternatives (DA), established in 1983 with its headquarters based in New Delhi, India, is a non-governmental organisation that believes in creating large-scale sustainable livelihoods, ultimately leading to a poverty free India.
why: the mission of the DA Group is to promote sustainable national development, using environmentally sound practices and technologies. The DA Group is dedicated to bringing about a better balance among the basic prerequisites of sustainable development: social equity, environmental quality and economic efficiency.
what: one of their projects has been the setting up of a biomass power plant at TARAGram in Orchha, Madhya Pradesh. A careful site analysis and feasibility report was prepared for the Orchha plant. The primary purpose was to assess the potential demand for electricity in the neighbourhood, and the availability of renewable fuels. To do this, the studies investigated possible clients, number of diesel generators currently in use, purchasing power of households for lighting and appliances, and the existence of alternative sources of power. For availability of biomass fuels, surveys were conducted on the availability and calorific value of local agro-wastes, industrial wastes, and common weeds.
This biomass plant converts renewable biomass fuels (including mainly local agro-wastes and unusable weeds) into 100 kW of electricity using a highly efficient gasifier and diesel generating system. The available biomass, Ipomea and Lantana are converted to charcoal through pyrolysis in village-based units. This charcoal is reprocessed at TARAGram into briquette fuel, engineered for various end-uses such as cooking, boiler and industrial applications. The eco-jobs that this can create include bio-fuel energy mechanics, bio-gas energy mechanics, bio-plant architects & designers, energy specialists, renewable energy mechanics.
biomass energy: biomass is the single largest source of non-hydro renewable electricity (EIA Renewable Energy Annual 2002). The majority of electricity production from biomass can be used as base load power in an electrical distribution system. Bio-power also includes industrial process heat and steam. Where power producers have access to very low cost biomass supplies, the choice to use biomass in the fuel mix enhances their competitiveness in the marketplace.
cool for you: Development Alternatives gives youth the opportunity to work in the renewable energy sector: a way and a means of conserving and preserving renewable sources of energy. You can check for job opportunities in renewable energy in the following areas: Design and Planning, Energy Policy Analysis and Development, Energy Economics and Energy Management, Energy Efficiency Consulting, Assessment of Social and Environmental Impacts of Energy Systems, Research and Development.