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SLUMS’ MAP


source:
UN-HABITAT,The Challenge of Slums: Global Report on Human Settlement, Earthscan,
London 2003


www.unchs.org/mediacentre/
documents/whd/GRHSB6.doc


www.doublestandards.org/
davis2.html


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One-quarter of all urban housing units in developing countries are temporary structures and more than one-third do not conform to building regulations…
  • 923,986 million people, or 31.6% of the world’s total urban population, live in slums;


  • 43% of the urban population of all developing countries combined live in slums; 78.2% in the least developed countries, and 6% in developed countries live in slum-like conditions;


  • the total number of slum dwellers in the world increased by about 36% during the 1990s and, in the next 30 years, the global number of slum dwellers will increase to about 2 billion if no concerted action to address the challenge of slums is taken;


  • in most African cities between 40% and 70% of the city’s population lives in slums or squatter settlements. In a city like Nairobi, 60% of the population lives in slums, which occupy about 5% of the land;


  • the world’s highest percentages of slum-dwellers are in Ethiopia (an astonishing 99.4% of the urban population), Chad (also 99.4%), Afghanistan (98.5%) and Nepal (92%). The poorest urban populations, however, are probably in Maputo and Kinshasa where 2/3 of residents earn less than the cost of their minimum required daily nutrition.
Total, urban and estimated slum population by major region, 2001*
Major
area,
region
Total
populat.
(millions)
Urban
Populat.
(millions)
Percentage
urban
populat.
Est.
Slum
populat.
(%)
Est.
Slum
populat.
(thousand)
Developed regions1,194 902 75.56.054,068
Europe 726 53473.66.233,062
Other467 367 78.65.721,006
Developing regions 4,940 2,022 40.943.0869,918
Northern Africa 146 76 52.028.221,355
Sub-Saharan Africa667 231 34.671.9166,208
Latin America
and the
Caribbean
527 399 75.831.9127,567
Eastern Asia1,364 533 39.146.4193,824
South-central Asia1,507 452 30.058.8262,354
South-eastern Asia530 203 38.328.056,781
Western Asia192 125 64.933.141,331
Oceania 8 2 26.724.1499
LDCs** 685 179 26.278.2140,114
LLDCs** 275 84 30.456.547,303
SIDS** 52 30 57.924.47,321
WORLD6,134 2,923 47.731.6923,986


* Source: United Nations Population Division, UN-Habitat Housing.
** Least Developed Countries (LDCs); Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs); Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
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