On average, paper can be recycled 8 to 12 times*. It is used to make more paper or cardboard saving trees, water, and energy and decreasing pollution with each cycle…
Manufacturing a tonne of recycled office paper and recycling it at the end of its lifespan reduces**:
- the recycled paper, made from wastepaper instead of wood pulp, has been widely used in industrial countries, with the recycling rate of wastepaper in such countries over 60% in 2000;
- the United States and Japan all have paper recovery rates close to or in excess of 50%. The FAO predicts further growth in waste paper and paperboard recovery;
- to make a comparison with China, the rate in Beijing was just few years ago less than 10%, or only some 100,000 tons every year per 1.1 million tons of wastepaper. In 2000, the country began to carry out related policies to encourage the use of recycled paper: in an effort to promote a more sustainable consumption of paper products Beijing's government offices, for example, have opted for recycled paper instead of regular paper;
- in 2003, Western Europe recycled 53.9% of the consumed paper, the rest going to landfill or incineration. In landfill the paper decomposes to release methane, and burning it produces CO2 emissions.
| || savings by %|
|solid waste ||49|
|energy consumption ||43|
|net greenhouse gas emissions ||70|
|hazardous air pollutant emissions ||90|
|particulate emissions |
|halogen emissions to water ||100|
|suspended solids ||30|
** Environmental Defense Fund.